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How to remove head lice

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Whether they're in school, at nursery or just out in the park, your children inevitably grow up in close contact with others. This is great for building up social networks but comes with an unpleasant side-effect: the risk of catching head lice. Head lice are the size of a sesame seed and brown in colour. Their eggs (nits) are little black specks. Unless you already check for lice regularly, the first signs of infestation are likely to be when your child gets irritable and starts head-scratching. So what can you do to get rid of them? Your chemist will stock a range of lice treatments; some of them based on pesticides and others that coat the lice, but there is a time-honoured method which is still highly effective today. It's called 'bug-busting', it's what the 'nit nurse' used to do and here's how you can do it:
What you'll need: 
A nit comb (or the finest-toothed comb you can afford)
Tea tree conditioner
Spray-on tea tree conditioner (optional)
Treats for the children (optional)
Before starting the treatment, it is important to ensure you and your child are comfortable. Some children, especially if they are a bit older, may be happy to sit in a chair in front of a sink. For others it may be best to wait until they are having a bath. Offering treats for cooperation can work wonders as can turning the treatment into a game.
Rinse your child's hair with warm water and apply the pour-on tea tree conditioner. The nits will be detached from the hair shaft by the conditioner and you may see them start to slide.
With a regular comb, ensure your child's hair is free of tangles.
Mentally divide your child's scalp into a number of sections. Choose one of the sections to work on first.
Insert the comb as far down the hair shafts as possible, close to the scalp. Draw the comb through the hair from root to tip.
Examine the comb for nits and lice. If you find any, wash them out of the comb under a hot tap.
Repeat steps 5 and 6 until the section of hair is nit and louse-free.
Working systematically (you don't want to miss or repeat sections), work through the other sections of scalp, following steps 5 to 7.
Towel dry your child's hair and finish off by adding the spray-on conditioner. Tea tree acts as a natural insect repellent so should reduce the chances of re-infection.
Repeat daily until you have gone three days with no evidence of lice or nits.
Remember that lice do not care about how clean or dirty the hair is so try not to be embarrassed since this might upset your child.
Although lice prefer children's hair you should treat the whole family.
Head lice spread through head-to-head contact so try to keep siblings apart if either have head lice.
Special 'nit combs' are expensive but can be worth the extra cost due to their enhanced design.
Tell your school and close friends if you or your children get head lice.


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