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How to Drive in Snow and Ice

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As the snow transforms the outdoors into a winter wonderland, drivers must be extra cautious when navigating icy, slick and snowy roads. In addition to preparing your vehicle for winter weather, here are a few important tips to bear in mind on your daily commute.
What you'll need: 
Extra travel time
Quick thinking
Maintain a sensible speed whilst driving. Driving too fast can send your vehicle out of control, but driving too slowly can cause you to lose momentum, particularly on slippery roads.
Accelerate, steer, and brake as smoothly and gently as possible. A sudden swerve to avoid a pothole can cause more damage than the hole itself if you lose control of your vehicle.
When starting from stationary, avoid high revs. Instead, ease the car up to speed.
If your vehicle starts to skid, remove your feet from the pedals and steer away from oncoming traffic, remaining as calm as possible. Use the brake only if you are unable to steer away from danger.
When stopping, allow double or even triple the distance between yourself and the vehicle ahead. Drive in such a way that you do not rely solely on your brakes to stop.
Anti-lock brakes (ABS) may not be as effective on very slick roads as they are in normal driving conditions so it is best not to rely on them.
Try to stick to busier roads when planning your journey. Side roads and country lanes are less likely to have been cleared or gritted.
When driving on motorways, keep to the clearest lane whenever possible, taking care to stay within clear tyre tracks. Avoid slush and do not overtake unless absolutely necessary.
A higher gear will give you better control. If your vehicle has a manual transmission, it may be preferable to start in a higher gear instead of first.
Reduce speed before beginning your descent down a slope. It is easier to maintain a low speed than to try slowing down if road conditions are icy and slippery.
If your car has anti-lock brakes (ABS), remember to hold the brake pedal down rather than “pumping” the brake to stop. You will likely feel and hear a vibration when the ABS kicks in.
If your vehicle does not have ABS, gently “pumping” the brakes can usually help bring the vehicle to a halt.
In falling snow, it is a good idea to dip your headlights or use fog lights so that pedestrians and other drivers can see you. Only use fog lights when necessary to avoid blinding oncoming traffic.
When conditions are particularly dangerous, consider working from home or using an alternative method of transport (e.g. walking, public transportation).


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